网络成瘾降低了学生的学习技能

2020年06月02日

来源:柴老师国际教育服务

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最新研究表明,过度使用数字技术的学生学习动力不足,并且对考试感到更加焦虑。

英国斯旺西大学和意大利米兰大学的研究人员提出,更糟糕的是,数字技术的应用使学生产生了越来越强的孤独感。

在这项研究中,研究人员招募了285名大学生,他们参加了一系列与健康相关的课程研究。对学生进行了数字技术使用情况,学习技能,学习动力,焦虑情绪和孤独感的评估。

该研究发现网络成瘾与学习动力之间存在负相关关系。研究人员发现,网络成瘾更严重的学生会更难以有效地安排他们的学习进度,并对即将到来的测试感到更加焦虑。

斯旺西大学的菲尔·里德教授说:“这些结果表明,网络成瘾程度很高的学生可能会有较低的学习动力,从而降低其实际学习表现。”

大约有25%的学生表示他们每天在网上花费超过四个小时,其余学生则表示他们每天花费一到三个小时。互联网对于学生的主要用途是社交网络(占40%)和信息搜索(占30%)。

“事实证明,网络成瘾会削弱一系列能力,例如情绪控制力,计划安排的能力,和对奖赏的敏感性。” 米兰大学的罗伯特·特鲁索利教授说,“缺乏这些领域的能力很可能会使学习更加困难。”

该研究还发现,网络成瘾与孤独感增加有关。研究人员说,孤独感反过来使学生更不能投入学习。

New research shows that students who use digital technology excessively are less motivated to study and are more anxious about tests.

This effect was made worse by the increased feelings of loneliness that the use of digital technology produced, according to researchers at Swansea University in the U.K. and the University of Milan in Italy.

For the study, researchers recruited 285 university students enrolled in a range of health-related degree courses. The students were assessed for their use of digital technology, their study skills and motivation, anxiety, and loneliness.

The study discovered a negative relationship between internet addiction and the motivation to study. Students reporting more internet addiction also found it harder to organize their learning productively, and were more anxious about their upcoming tests, the researchers found.

“These results suggest that students with high levels of internet addiction may be particularly at risk from lower motivations to study, and, hence, lower actual academic performance,” said Professor Phil Reed of Swansea University.

About 25 percent of the students reported they spent more than four hours a day online, with the rest indicating that they spent between one to three hours a day. The main uses of the internet were social networking (40 percent) and information seeking (30 percent).

“Internet addiction has been shown to impair a range of abilities, such as impulse control, planning, and sensitivity to rewards,” said Professor Roberto Truzoli of the University of Milan. “A lack of ability in these areas could well make study harder.”

The study also found that internet addiction was found to be associated with increased loneliness. Loneliness, in turn, made studying harder for the students, the researchers said.

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