在大学里不会学到的4种重要职业技能

2020年06月05日

来源:柴老师国际教育服务

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虽然你可以在大学学到很多东西,但却不一定能学到在职场上取得成功所需要的全部技能。我们在下文中提供了四项现实世界中非常必要的技能,你最好在毕业前就做好准备。

1. 有效谈判

有效谈判的技巧总是很有价值的,将在工作和人际关系中为你提供有效的帮助。但是,Scorchsoft Web网站和移动应用程序的执行董事兼创始人安德鲁·沃德(Andrew Ward)说,这些技能通常不在大学里教授,甚至在商务课程中也没有。

“在业务中,你需要与供应商和客户谈判价格,与员工谈判福利以及与雇主谈判晋升。从事高职工作的人基本都掌握高超的谈判技巧。”

2. 简明写作

许多人会去参加商务写作课程,并学习如何以正式和专业的语气写作。这是一项出色的技能,将在工作环境中为你服务。但是,这些课程经常遗漏的点是如何快速有效地表达自己的观点。

“在大学里我们强调长篇幅写作的能力,因为我们需要有一定长度的论文。” 缅因州大学职业协会主席里奇·格兰特(Rich Grant)说,“我在20年代中期参加培训计划,我们必须每周向管理导师提交报告。经过几次之后,她让我将我写的四页内容缩减为一小段简明的要点。”

忙碌的专业人员根本没有时间去阅读论文,因此在将其呈现给你的经理或同事之前,请将你的想法分解为基本要素。

3. 战略性社交

许多人可以轻松地在大学结识许多新朋友并建立社交网络。但是,你是否知道如何利用它来获得事业上的成功呢?

作家兼网络专家Froswa'Booker-Drew说,她离开大学后才学习到这堂课。她在校期间非常积极参了学校的课外活动,并建立了一个庞大的社交网络。但是,她没有掌握通过人际关系来帮助自己求职或得到职业上的进展的能力。她说:“重要的是要找到自己感兴趣的领域的导师,并保持这种关系。” 人们愿意帮助你,但不能给你一切。维持人际关系以获取自身价值,将会为你提供职业发展的帮助。

4. 谦虚地互动

摆脱情绪上的困扰,学会真诚地工作,同时表现出对他人的欣赏,将有助于您的事业蓬勃发展。“真诚表达谢意和寻求宽恕的能力可以帮助你避免陷入冲突和修补关系。然而,我们大多数人认为表达对他人的欣赏会阻碍我们自己获得认同,而请求宽恕意味着我们会因此而受到指责。” 大学管理学教授Scott C. Hammond说。

You can learn a lot at University, but you may not come away with all the skills you need to succeed in the world of work. We’ve come up with four real world skills you need to make sure you develop before you graduate.

Negotiating effectively

Effective negotiation and bargaining skills are always valuable and will serve you well both at work and in your personal interactions. However, these skills aren’t usually taught at University — even in business courses — says Andrew Ward, managing director and founder of Scorchsoft Web and mobile apps.

“In business, you negotiate with suppliers about rates, customers about price, employees about benefits and employers about promotion. You don’t find many people in high power jobs that haven’t mastered the art of negotiation,” he explains.

Writing concisely

Many people take business writing courses and learn how to write in a formal and professional tone. This is an excellent skill that will serve you well in the working world. What’s often left out of these courses, however, is how to make your point quickly and effectively.

“In college, there's emphasis on being wordy, with certain lengths of papers being assigned,” says Rich Grant, president of the Maine College Career Consortium. “I was in a training program in my mid-20s and we had to write weekly reports to our management mentor. After a few of them, she told me to cut my four pages down to a page of bulleted highlights.” Busy professionals simply don’t have time to read a thesis, so distil your ideas down to their essential components before presenting them to your manager or colleagues.

Networking strategically

Many people find it easy to meet lots of new people at University and develop a social network, without much effort. Did you learn how to leverage that into career success, though, or just to become as popular as possible?

Froswa' Booker-Drew, an author and networking expert, says she didn’t learn this lesson until after college. She was very involved in extracurricular activities in school and had built a large network. However, she didn’t grasp the power of building relationships that could help her with a job search or career progression. “It is important to seek out mentors in your field of interest and maintain those relationships,” she says. People want to help you, but not when you always need something. Maintain the relationships for their own value and career help will come.

Interacting humbly

Getting past your emotional hang-ups and learning to operate sincerely while demonstrating appreciation for others will help your career flourish. “The ability to sincerely express appreciation and ask for forgiveness can help you avoid being mired in conflict and mend a relationship. Yet most of us think appreciation prevents us from getting credit and asking forgiveness means we are to blame,” says Scott C. Hammond, professor of management at Utah State University.

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