美国科技巨头被指控向中国公司提供监视服务

2020年05月26日

来源:柴老师国际教育服务

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一份新出的报告称,亚马逊,微软和谷歌被指控向侵犯人权的中国监控公司提供各种网络服务,这些公司现在已被列入美国黑名单。

审查虚拟专用网(VPN)服务并研究隐私主题的网站Top10VPN在一份报告中说,他们已经确定了“为这些公司的网站提供必要支持”的美国技术巨头。

CNBC与报告中提到的美国公司进行了联系,以向黑名单中的中国监视公司提供服务进行提问。没有人愿意立即发表评论。

10月,一些中国最有价值的人工智能公司被列入美国实体名单,此举旨在限制他们对美国技术的访问。这就是华为所在的黑名单。

美方警告说:``这些实体在中国新疆地区实施维权,大规模任意拘留以及对维吾尔人,哈萨克人和其他穆斯林少数民族成员实施高科技监视,涉嫌侵犯人权和滥用人权'' 。

根据Top10VPN的说法,美国科技公司提供的一些服务包括托管监视公司的网站以及通过电子邮件发送身份验证方法。

Top10VPN研究负责人西蒙·米利亚诺(Simon Migliano)表示:“通过为这些有争议的公司提供基本的网络服务,美国公司在高度侵入性监视产品的扩散中扮演着重要角色,这些产品有可能破坏世界各地的人权。”

Top10VPN表示已确定美国公司参与了使用公共工具的组合,检查网站的源代码并分析了这些网站的访问量。

该公司称,亚马逊和谷歌正在为两家中国黑名单公司大华科技和海康威视提供网络服务。同时,据报道,中国最有价值的两家人工智能初创企业SenseTime和Megvii正在使用微软的服务。

Twitter和Facebook也被指定为向海康威视提供内容交付网络服务。

CNBC已联系所有被要求对报告发表评论的美国公司。赛门铁克拒绝置评,CNBC没有得到其他公司的回复。

中国的监视公司已经陷入了世界两个最大经济体之间的紧张局势。唐纳德·特朗普总统政府针对中国公司开展了一场运动,华为是最受瞩目的目标,目的是切断他们获得美国技术的机会。

但是Top10VPN的Migliano声称,该公司的报告显示,美国和中国公司之间仍然存在关系。

A new report claims that Amazon, Microsoft and Google are among a number of American firms that are providing various web services to Chinese surveillance firms accused of human rights abuses and which are now on a U.S. blacklist.

Top10VPN, a site that reviews virtual private network (VPN) services and researches topics on privacy, said in a report that it had identified U.S. technology giants that provide "essential web services that power these companies' websites."

CNBC reached out to the U.S. firms named in the report as providing such services to the blacklisted Chinese surveillance companies. None were immediately available for comment.

In October, some of China's most valuable surveillance artificial intelligence firms were put on the U.S. Entity List, a move designed to restrict their access to American technology. That is the same blacklist that Huawei sits on.

Washington alleged that "these entities have been implicated in human rights violations and abuses in the implementation of China's campaign of repression, mass arbitrary detention, and high-technology surveillance against Uighurs, Kazakhs, and other members of Muslim minority groups" in China's Xinjiang region.

According to Top10VPN, some of the services provided by U.S. tech firms include hosting the surveillance firms' website and emails to authentication methods.

"Through providing essential web services to these controversial companies, U.S. firms are playing a part in the proliferation of highly invasive surveillance products that have the potential to undermine human rights around the world," Simon Migliano, head of research at Top10VPN, said in the report.

Top10VPN said it identified that U.S. firms were involved using a combination of public tools, examining source code of websites and analyzing traffic to those sites.

The company alleged that Amazon and Google are providing web services for Dahua Technology and Hikvision, two Chinese blacklisted companies. Meanwhile, Microsoft's services are reportedly being used by SenseTime and Megvii, two of China's most valuable artificial intelligence start-ups.

Twitter and Facebook were also named as providing content delivery network services to Hikvision.

CNBC has reached out to all the American firms that were named to request for comment on the report. Symantec declined to comment, and CNBC did not hear back from the rest of the companies.

China's surveillance firms have been caught up in the tensions between the world's two largest economies. The administration of President Donald Trump has carried out a campaign against Chinese firms, with Huawei being the most high profile target, that aims to cut off their access to American technology.

But Top10VPN's Migliano claimed the company's report shows a relationship still remains between the U.S. and China's firms.

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