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学龄前儿童的创造性学习与发展

2020年06月05日

作者:柴老师国际教育服务

来源:www.mschai.com

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通过艺术和手工

学龄前儿童喜欢用蜡笔,颜料,橡皮泥,粘土,剪刀,胶水和纸来表达自己和想法。您可能会需要帮助指导孩子如何使用细铅笔,剪刀或胶带。

孩子将从制作基本形状开始,并可能会喜欢尝试纹理,空间和颜色的艺术创作。例如,学龄前儿童经常在屋顶上方绘制一个发光的太阳。这类图画通常由正方形,三角形和圆形等基本形状组成。

在手工艺品活动中,可以让孩子自己做决定。例如,屋顶应该是红色还是蓝色?

通过学习音乐

学龄前儿童会使用乐器(包括自己的声音)来表达感觉和想法。

您的孩子会为了唱歌而喜欢唱歌。他会喜欢简单旋律不断重复的歌曲。他可以用自己熟悉的语言来创作自己的歌曲,而这些词通常来自他周围的事件和人们。

学龄前儿童通常可以识别喜欢的歌曲并说出其名字,然后开始唱歌。唱歌可以帮助孩子理解快慢,长短,大声和柔和之间的区别。

学龄前儿童可能还会喜欢集体唱歌游戏,例如“我的爸爸吃了一个苹果”或“那只毛驴”。

通过学习舞蹈

音乐和动作有助于锻炼孩子的身体和注意力。学龄前儿童可以做出或快或慢的移动,也可以随着音乐一起做出动作和跳舞。

孩子可能还会通过运动表达悲伤,幸福,喜悦或激动的感觉。例如,孩子可能会为喜悦而跳跃或愤怒地踩踏。

您可能会发现您的孩子模仿像蝴蝶一样飞行,像毛毛虫一样爬行或像青蛙一样跳跃。这些游戏动作有助于她更多地了解世界。您可以通过给她道具来鼓励这项活动。例如,您的孩子可能挥舞着一条围巾假装在飞翔。

Learning and development through arts and crafts

Preschoolers love to express themselves and their ideas using crayons, paints, playdough, clay, scissors, glue and paper. You might find your child needs help to use thin pencils, scissors or sticky tape.

Your child will begin making basic shapes, and might enjoy experimenting with texture, space and colours in pieces of art. For example, preschoolers often draw houses with shining suns above the roof. This is because this kind of picture is made up of basic shapes like squares, triangles and circles.

Craft activities also let your child make decisions for herself. For example, should be roof be red or blue?

Musical learning and development

Preschoolers use musical instruments – including their own voices – to express feelings and ideas.

Your child will enjoy singing just for the sake of singing. He’ll love songs with repetition and simple melodies. He can make up his own words to familiar songs, and words often come from the events and people around him.

Your preschooler can usually recognise and name favourite songs, and sing more of them. Singing helps children understand the differences between fast and slow, long and short, and loud and soft.

Preschoolers might also enjoy group singing games – for example, ‘My daddy ate an apple’ or ‘The wonky donkey’.

Learning and development through dance

Music and movement helps your child’s physical and concentration skills. Your preschooler can move fast or slow, or make up actions and dance moves to go along with music.

Your child might also express feelings of sadness, happiness, joy or excitement through movement. For example, your child might jump for joy or stamp angrily.

You might find your child flying like a butterfly, creeping like a caterpillar or hopping like a frog. These play movements help her understand more about the world. You can encourage this activity by giving her props. For example, your child could wave around a scarf to pretend she’s flying.

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