Learning and development through arts and crafts
Preschoolers love to express themselves and their ideas using crayons, paints, playdough, clay, scissors, glue and paper. You might find your child needs help to use thin pencils, scissors or sticky tape.
Your child will begin making basic shapes, and might enjoy experimenting with texture, space and colours in pieces of art. For example, preschoolers often draw houses with shining suns above the roof. This is because this kind of picture is made up of basic shapes like squares, triangles and circles.
Craft activities also let your child make decisions for herself. For example, should be roof be red or blue?
Musical learning and development
Preschoolers use musical instruments – including their own voices – to express feelings and ideas.
Your child will enjoy singing just for the sake of singing. He’ll love songs with repetition and simple melodies. He can make up his own words to familiar songs, and words often come from the events and people around him.
Your preschooler can usually recognise and name favourite songs, and sing more of them. Singing helps children understand the differences between fast and slow, long and short, and loud and soft.
Preschoolers might also enjoy group singing games – for example, ‘My daddy ate an apple’ or ‘The wonky donkey’.
Learning and development through dance
Music and movement helps your child’s physical and concentration skills. Your preschooler can move fast or slow, or make up actions and dance moves to go along with music.
Your child might also express feelings of sadness, happiness, joy or excitement through movement. For example, your child might jump for joy or stamp angrily.
You might find your child flying like a butterfly, creeping like a caterpillar or hopping like a frog. These play movements help her understand more about the world. You can encourage this activity by giving her props. For example, your child could wave around a scarf to pretend she’s flying.