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教孩子学会分享

2020年06月11日

作者:柴老师国际教育服务

来源:www.mschai.com

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分享是至关重要的生活技能。幼儿需要学习这些东西,这样他们才能结交朋友,参与社交。

一旦您的孩子开始结交玩伴,进入托管所,幼儿园和学前班,他就需要学会能够与他人分享的能力。

孩子们通过观看父母的所作所为会学到很多东西。当您在家庭中建立良好的分享和轮流行为模型时,您就为孩子树立了榜样。

孩子们还需要机会学习和练习分享。以下是鼓励孩子在日常生活中学会分享的一些方法:

·点名表扬其他分享的榜样。您可以对孩子说:‘你的朋友很好的分享了她的玩具。她真是太棒了。’

·当您看到孩子试图分享或轮流活动时,请确保您给予很多的赞美和关注。例如,‘我喜欢你和Aziz轮流玩火车的方式。这是很棒的分享!’

·和孩子一起玩游戏,一起体验分享和轮流的过程。给孩子讲解这些步骤:“现在轮到我来建塔了,然后轮到你。你与我共享红色方块,我就与你共享绿色方块。”

·在与其他孩子见面之前,先与您的孩子谈谈分享。例如,您可以说,‘当乔治娜过来玩时,你要分享一些玩具。我们为什么不问她想一起玩什么呢?’您也可以在孩子去托管所和学前班之前与您的孩子讨论分享的问题。

·尽管分享很重要,但孩子可以被允许有一些自己特殊的玩具。当其他孩子来您家玩耍时,最好把这些特殊玩具收好。这可以帮助您避免矛盾的产生。

Sharing is a vital life skill. It’s something toddlers and children need to learn so they can make and keep friends, and play cooperatively.

Once your child starts having playdates and going to child care, preschool or kindergarten, he’ll need to be able to share with others.

Children learn a lot from just watching what their parents do. When you model good sharing and turn-taking in your family, it gives your children a great example to follow.

Children also need opportunities to learn about and practise sharing. Here are some ways to encourage sharing in everyday life:

Point out good sharing in others. You can say things like, ‘Your friend was sharing her toys really well. That was very kind of her’.

When you see your child trying to share or take turns, make sure you give lots of praise and attention. For example, ‘I liked the way you let Aziz play with your train. Great sharing!’

Play games with your child that involve sharing and turn-taking. Talk your child through the steps, saying things like, ‘Now it’s my turn to build the tower, then it’s your turn. You share the red blocks with me, and I’ll share the green blocks with you’.

Talk to your child about sharing before she has playdates with other children. For example, you could say, ‘When Georgia comes over, you’ll need to share some of your toys. Why don’t we ask her what she wants to play with?’ You can also talk to your child about sharing before she starts child care or preschool.

Although it’s important to share, it’s OK for children to have some toys that they keep just for themselves. It’s a good idea to put away these special toys when other children come to play at your house. This can help you avoid problems with sharing.

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