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耐心应付孩子对食物的探索

2020年06月11日

作者:柴老师国际教育服务

来源:www.mschai.com

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儿童在学习进食的过程中会经历发展阶段。首先,他们通过用汤匙或用手来尝试进食,然后他们继续学习使用勺子,叉子和杯子。

孩子们需要花费大量时间,练习和肌肉协调的动作才能学会将食物塞进嘴里而不弄出一片混乱,因此您可能会在过程中遭遇一些挑战!

年幼的孩子喜欢尝试并玩弄食物,即使是在他们已经掌握了整洁用餐所需的技能之后。

实际上,把玩尝试食物是儿童发展良好的运动技能的方式之一。把玩尝试不熟悉的食物可以帮助孩子们更加开放地品尝这些新食物。

探索食物的形状,颜色和质地也有助于儿童了解世界。

大多数幼儿都会用手挤压食物,将食物和碗扔在地板上,故意吃漏嘴,或拒绝进食。

以下是一些建议,可帮助您减少进餐时间的混乱,并减轻帮助孩子用餐的压力:

·将食物切成条状,让孩子用手而不是汤匙或叉子。在孩子学习饮食的早期时段,您会发现这种饮食方式更易于管理。

·表扬孩子认真吃东西而不造成麻烦的努力。最好准确地告诉您的孩子,她做得很好-例如,“艾米丽,你一边保持自身整洁一边吃香蕉的尝试非常棒”。

·如果孩子年纪够大,请让他参与摆设。如果您的孩子帮助您准备餐点,那么他可能不太愿意把它弄乱。

·安排和家人共享用餐的时间。这可以让您以身作则,并向孩子展示如何在餐桌旁吃饭的行为礼仪。但是请记住,您的孩子可能需要一些时间来学习这些技能。

·对孩子用餐时所造成的混乱保持冷静和耐心。这将帮助您和您的孩子享受更多的用餐时间。

·如果您在孩子进餐时在他们周围放些塑料袋或报纸,您会发现混乱更容易清理。您也可以尝试使用围嘴来保持衣服清洁,并在饭后留出洗澡时间或换衣服的时间。

Children go through developmental stages as they learn to feed themselves. First they learn to eat solids by taking food from a spoon or picking up food with their hands. Then they move on to feeding themselves with spoons, forks and cups.

It takes a lot of time, practice and muscle coordination for children to learn to get food into their mouths without making a mess, so you can expect a few spills along the way!

Young children love to experiment and play with their food, even after they’ve developed the motor skills they need to eat without mess.

In fact, playing with food is one of the ways children develop their fine motor skills. And playing with unfamiliar foods can help children become more open to tasting these new foods.

Exploring the shape, colour and texture of food also helps children learn about their world.

Most young children squish food in their hands, throw food and bowls onto the floor, deliberately dribble with their mouths full, or refuse to eat.

Here are some ideas to help you cut down on mealtime mess – and make it less stressful:

Cut food into strips or fingers, and let your child use his hands rather than a spoon or fork. In the early days of learning to eat, your child will find this way of eating easier to manage.

Praise your child’s efforts when she eats something without making a big mess. It’s best to tell your child exactly what she did well – for example, ‘Emily, I love the way you put that banana straight into your mouth’.

Involve your child in setting the table, if he’s old enough. If your child has helped to set up the meal, he might be less inclined to mess it up.

Sit together and share mealtimes as a family. This lets you lead by example and show your child how to eat and behave at the table. But remember that it can take time for your child to learn these skills.

Stay calm and patient with your child’s mess. This will help you and your child to enjoy mealtimes more.

You’ll find messes easier to clean up if you put some plastic or newspaper around your child as she eats. You can also try using a feeding smock or bib to keep clothes clean, and leaving bath time or a change of clothes until after meals.

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