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孩子会感到焦虑吗

2020年06月12日

作者:柴老师国际教育服务

来源:www.mschai.com

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孩子有时会表现出焦虑,担忧和恐惧的迹象。在大多数情况下,儿童的焦虑情绪和童年时期的恐惧来并不会持续很长时间。

实际上,不同的焦虑常常出现在不同的发展阶段。例如:

·婴儿和学步儿童常常担心吵闹的声音,恐高,害怕陌生人和与他人分离。

·学龄前儿童可能开始表现出对自己和黑暗的恐惧。

·学龄儿童可能会害怕超自然的事物(如鬼魂),社交情况,失败,批评或测试以及身体伤害或威胁。

婴儿和幼儿不会担心事情。让孩子们感到担心,他们必须想象未来以及其中可能发生的坏事。这就是为什么忧虑在八岁以上的儿童中变得更加普遍的原因。

随着年龄的增长,孩子们还会担心不同的事情。在幼儿时期,他们可能担心生病或受伤。在较年长的童年和青春期,重点不再那么具体。例如,他们可能对战争,经济和政治恐惧,家庭关系等进行很多思考。

有些人更容易焦虑,因为焦虑可以遗传—就像眼睛的颜色。

人们还可以通过观察他人或经历可怕的事情来学会以焦虑的方式思考和行为。

孩子环境中的某些事物也可能增加孩子焦虑的机会。例如,如果父母过度保护害羞的孩子,这可能会在短期内对孩子有所帮助,但会增加孩子的整体焦虑感。

It’s normal for children to show signs of anxiety, worries and fears sometimes. In most cases, anxiety in children and fears in childhood come and go and don’t last long.

In fact, different anxieties often develop at different stages. For example:

Babies and toddlers often fear loud noises, heights, strangers and separation.

Preschoolers might start to show fear of being on their own and of the dark.

School-age children might be afraid of supernatural things (like ghosts), social situations, failure, criticism or tests, and physical harm or threat.

Babies and young children don’t tend to worry about things. For children to be worried, they have to imagine the future and bad things that might happen in it. This is why worries become more common in children over eight years of age.

Children also worry about different things as they get older. In early childhood, they might worry about getting sick or hurt. In older childhood and adolescence, the focus becomes less concrete. For example, they might think a lot about war, economic and political fears, family relationships and so on.

Some people are more likely to be anxious because anxiety runs in the family – just like eye colour, for example.

People can also learn to think and behave in an anxious way by watching others, or by going through scary experiences.

Certain things in a child’s environment might also increase the child’s chances of becoming anxious. For example, if a parent is overprotective of a shy child, it might help the child in the short term, but it can increase the child’s anxiety overall.

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